Methods and Procedures

There are two main types of artificial insemination, AIH (artificial insemination by husband) and AID (artificial insemination by donor). When a couple decides to use artificial insemination, the woman must begin carefully monitoring her menstrual cycle with the help of her physician. Ovulation kids, ultrasounds and blood tests are often used in order to establish the exact time of ovum release. If the woman's partner is providing the sperm, he must refrain from ejaculating for several days beforehand.

On the day of the procedure, he provides a donation of ejaculate (generally via manual manipulation in a private area, though harvesting from the man's body may be needed in cases of dysfunction) that is then chemically washed and inserted into her vagina near the cervix. If the woman is using donor sperm that has been cryogenically maintained, the lab prepares it for insertion on the appropriate day. Donor sperm is most often used if the woman either has a partner of the same sex, will be a single parent, or has a partner that is unable to produce enough quality sperm to achieve conception. Healthy men who have been tested may choose to donate their sperm for this cause, and are often paid to do so. Most enter into agreements when donating that remove parental rights to any resulting offspring.

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